“地震预警”法律概念的构成及延展
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P315

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中国地震局重大政策理论与实践问题研究课题“特大城市地震灾害风险防治对策研究”(CEAZY2021ZL13)资助


The Constitution and Extension of the Legal Concept of “Earthquake Early Warning”
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    摘要:

    “地震预警”法律概念是讨论和规范地震预警相关行为的基础,也是地震预警立法首先要明确的问题。目前,国家层面尚未制定专门的地震预警法律法规,地方已经颁布的管理办法中对“地震预警”法律概念的规定也不完全一致。随着地震预警立法进程的不断推进,“地震预警”法律概念的确定和统一愈发重要和迫切。“地震预警”法律概念应涵括其技术属性和社会属性,秉持完整规范、避免歧义的原则,将时间、空间、机理和影响等要素排列组合而成。为深入理解这一概念,本文还讨论了发布主体、预警客体、技术服务、法律责任等地震预警法律规范的基本内容。

    Abstract:

    The legal concept of "earthquake early warning" is the basis of dealing with and standardizing earthquake early warning related behaviors, and it is also the essential problem to be clarified in earthquake early warning legislation. At present, no special laws and regulations on earthquake early warning have been formulated at the national level, and the regulations on the legal concept of "earthquake early warning" in the local administrative measures have not been completely consistent. With the development of earthquake early warning legislation, it is urgent and important to define and unify the legal concept of earthquake early warning. the legal concept of "earthquake early warning" should include its technical and social attributes, adhere to the principle of complete norms and avoiding ambiguity, and combine the elements of time, space, mechanism and influence. In order to deeply understand this concept, this paper also discusses the basic contents of earthquake early warning legal norms, such as issuing subject, early warning object, technical service, legal liability, etc.

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李一行,陈华静.“地震预警”法律概念的构成及延展[J].中国地震,2021,37(3):641-648

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  • 收稿日期:2021-03-25
  • 最后修改日期:2021-07-08
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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-12-24
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